It is easy to forget, given the distance in time of almost 50 years, that almost every conspiracy theory began with the publication of the very document created to refute conspiracy: The Warren Report.
More importantly, even though the Report's conclusion was that a lone assassin fired three shots from the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building, the evidence included in the Report completely refutes its own conclusion!
What I would like to do is focus on three examples of evidence which explicitly show that the official version is incorrect and hence a conspiracy in the truest sense of the word did exist. With this knowledge we can see that a coup did happen and we as a people and as a nation have suffered from the repercussions that reverberate to this day. To begin, let us look at the well worn official version of the assassination in Dallas, Texas. President Kennedy, his wife Jackie, Texas Governor John Connally and his wife Nellie were riding in an open air convertible as part of a motorcade through downtown Dallas.
|The presidential motorcade in downtown Dallas. Left to right: Texas Governor John Connally, his wife Nellie, President John F. Kennedy, his wife Jackie.|
After the motorcade turned on Elm Street, in front of the Texas School Book Depository building, three shots from a high powered rifle rang out. One bullet missed, one hit Kennedy in the back, passed through his throat and caused several wounds to Connally, the infamous magic bullet theory, and the final bullet struck the President in the head. A short time later, the lone assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested by Dallas Police. Two days later, while being transferred from the city jail to the county jail, Oswald was shot dead by nightclub owner Jack Ruby. All, of course, very cut and dried.
The Warren Report was the result of a ten month investigation instigated by the new President, Lyndon Johnson. Headed by Supreme Court Chief Justice, Earl Warren, it became known as the Warren Commission. The report canonized the three shots fired from one rifle, from one lone nut, from the sixth floor of the Depository and the magic bullet theory that one of those bullets transited Kennedy and then caused five addition wounds to Connally. Since the publication of the Report the conspiracy theories surrounding the assassination have become extraordinarily numerous. In fact, the Oliver Stone film, JFK (1991), is a virtual compendium of conspiracy theories. It is not my aim with this essay to refute or embrace any of the many plots, counter-plots and theories. I present here three examples, straight from the Warren Report, that prove a conspiracy and hence, a coup against representative government.
1) MORE THAN ONE LOCATION FOR THE FIRST SHOTS
The first example I'd like to focus on is the photographic evidence and testimony of Secret Service agents John Ready and Paul Landis in regards to the first shot. Or shots, as some witnesses claim to have heard. In the official version, Oswald is shooting with a rifle from the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository. In the photograph below, taken by John Altgens and published in the Warren Report, we can plainly see that the Secret Service agents are not looking UP but AT the Depository building behind them and to their right. Agents Ready and Landis are reacting to the first shot(s). Agent Clint Hill, who was actually Jackie Kennedy's personal secret service agent, seen on the front of the running board on the right side of the photograph, seems to be reacting to Kennedy clutching his throat and splaying his elbows. The photo was taken approximately 3 seconds after the first shot(s) and approximately matches the Zapruder film frame #256 seen below.
|Zapruder film frame #256.|
2) THE BULLET THAT COULDN'T BE FIRED
Within the evidence included in the Warren Report are photographs of the three spent shells found by Dallas Police on the floor near the assassin's window on the sixth floor of the Depository. All three bear chamber marks from a rifle, perhaps from the Mannlicher-Carcano also found by the police on the sixth floor. The qualification on whether "Oswald's rifle" fired all three of the shells found on the floor comes from Warren Exhibit #2968, a letter from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to Warren Commission counsel J. Lee Rankin. Contained in the letter is this relevant passage, "...the extractor and ejector marks on C6 [Commission Exhibit #543] as well as on C7 [CE#544], C8 [CE#545] and C38 [a test round fired by the FBI] , did not possess sufficient characteristics for identifying the weapon which produced them." Yipes! Additionally, photographs of CE#543, one of the shells found on the sixth floor, show a pronounced dent on the lip. This dent was first seen in Josiah Thompson's 1967 book, Six Seconds In Dallas.
3) THE BLOOD IS BACK & TO THE LEFT
Probably no other aspect of the assassination has caused more unnecessary confusion than the head wounds infliction upon President Kennedy. Many of the doctors at Parkland Hospital, where Kennedy was rushed, described a large avulsive (exploded) wound in the back of the head. The Warren Report itself includes testimony from doctors and laymen describing a large wound on the right side of the head and on the back of the head. The Warren Report buttressed their single assassin theory by including the autopsy results and testimony from the autopsy doctors. The autopsy showed that Kennedy was struck once in the back (the lower neck) and once in the back of the head. It concluded that the throat wound was of exit leading to the magic bullet theory. Like I said, confusion.
Those arguing against conspiracy, point to one of the autopsy photographs (which none of the Commission members ever viewed) showing the back of the President's head. No damage is seen on the back of the head except what appears to be a bullet entrance wound. But, it can be seen in the photo that the doctors are holding up the scalp with their fingers! Those arguing in favor of conspiracy point to the head wound descriptions of the doctors at Parkland and laymen who saw the President after he was hit. They also point to the famous Zapruder 8mm home movie which apparently shows Kennedy recoiling back and to his left from the shot(s) to his head. How can these two arguments be reconciled?
Back to the movie, JFK. In it we see the crusading District Attorney giving his summary to the jury during the Claw Shaw trial. While referring to the Zapruder film, he says we can see Kennedy's head and body go "back and to the left", a refrain he repeats several times. In the last of my three examples, I would like to point out that researchers on both sides of the argument have overlooked important pieces of evidence included in the Warren Report. Instead of looking at the head "go back and to the left", we should be looking at where the blood actually went. Not by looking at grainy film stills, but by looking at the photographs of the presidential car and Kennedy's coat and shirt. It is clear that his brains and blood also went back and to the left. Thus, a shot fired from at least the front right of Kennedy and thus a conspiracy.
|Photographs taken by the FBI and the Secret Service of the presidential car, after it had been flown back to Washington, DC, show blood and brain matter on the left and back.|
|President Kennedy's coat shows blood and matter mostly on the back and left.|
|The pattern to the left and back is even more pronounced on President Kennedy's shirt.|
The Warren Report may have concluded that a lone assassin fired three shots at the Kennedy motorcade, fatally wounding the President and wounding Governor Connally and bystander James Teague, but the evidence it presents refutes such a conclusion. It's as if the Report was winking at us. The three examples of evidence I have shown, all from the Warren Report, are simple and obvious in showing that there was a conspiracy to assassinate President Kennedy. Some, trapped in their own preconceived notions of how the shooting went down, may never be swayed. Please consider, though, that a lone assassin could not have made sure the bullet he fired into Kennedy's head would have splattered brain tissue and blood mostly to the left and back. That a lone assassin could not have fired three shots from the Depository with a dented shell. And that a lone assassin could not have fired from two different locations.